History

Munich hit by deadly terrorists
Spitz in seventh heaven

Munich played host to the infamous 1972 Olympic Games where Palestinian guerillas kidnapped and murdered eleven members of the Israeli delegation.

The drama began on September 5th just six days before the end of the Games when eight members of the "Black September" group killed two Israelis and took another nine hostage at the Olympic village.

The competition was suspended and negotiations began.

After eleven hours of anguish German authorities persuaded Black September to move to a military airport where a plane was to whisk them off to Cairo.

However, the German police tried to storm the gang at the airport and a bloodbath ensued in which all the hostages, five of the terrorists, one policeman and a helicopter pilot were all killed.

The world was in shock but IOC president Avery Brundage declared famously "the Games must go on" and on they went, albeit under a dark cloud of mourning.

Before the globally televised horror show, the Games had produced some highly memorable sporting moments although these events will be forever overshadowed.

American swimmer Mark Spitz pulled off a veritable gold heist with his seven wins, each one of them setting a world record. His gold medals came in the 100 and 200m freestyle, the 100 and 200m butterfly, the 4x100m relay, the 4x200m relay and the 4x100m medley relay.

Spitz's phenomenal haul overshadowed 15-year-old Australian sensation Shane Gould. She might normally have expected to have been the star of the show after her wins in the 200m and 400m free-style and in the 200m medley.

The athletics performances fell short of the brilliant ones from Mexico City but as ever the racing produced drama and heroes.

The Soviets bagged the 100m and 200m sprints thanks to the efforts of Valery Borzov who crossed the 100m finish line with his arms aloft.

Finland's Lasse Viren won the 5000m and the 10000m and Kenya's Kip Keino was in action again winning the 3000m steeplechase.

And in the basketball final the US thought they had won gold and had already started celebrating when the referee ordered a further three seconds to be played.

To the horror of the Americans, their Soviet opponents swept down the court for a dramatic last-second basket snatching the gold and providing heart-break for their arch-rivals.


Photos

An Arab guerilla member appears on the balcony of the Israeli house, 05 September 1972 at the Munich Olympic village. Arabs guerilla occupied the building in a surprise raid, killing two Israelis and keeping nine others as hostages.(FILES) Picture dated 06 September 1972 of then IOC president Avery Brundage (at rostrum) speaking his words American swimmer champion Marc Spitz shows five of his seven Olympic gold medals, 31 August 1972 in Munich. Marc Spitz captured seven swimming gold medals (100m, 200m, 4x100m, 4x200m, 100m and 200m Butterfly and 4x100m medley) at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich.Portrait of Shane Gould from Australia, taken during a training session at the Munich Olympic Games, August 1972. Gould was the heroine of the Australian team as she set out to win five individual gold medals. She won golds in the 200m and 400m freestyle and 200m individual medley -all in world record times-, silver in the 800m freestyle and bronze in the 100m freestyle. In the 400m, she stormed home more than 3 seconds in front of the runner-up, Novella Calligaris of Italy.Russian Valery Borzov raises his arms as he crosses the finish line, winning the Olympics men's 100 meters dash, followed by US Robert taylor, Munich 01 September 1972. Borzov also took gold in the 200 meters competition. He won in total 5 Olympic medals between 1972 and 1976. After his sports career, he became active in public and sports administration. In 1991, after Ukraine gained independence, he was appointed Minister of Youth and sports Affairs. He is also the President of The National Olympic Committee of Ukraine.Finnish champion Lasse Viren on the way to win the 5.000m event, september 1972 during the Olympic Games in Munich where he captured two gold, in the 5.000m and 10.000 event.
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POSCOUNTRYGOLDSILVERBRONZETOTAL
1United States462929104
2China38272388
3Great Britain29171965
4Russia24263282
5South Korea138728
6Germany11191444
7France11111234
8Italy891128
9Hungary84517
10Australia7161235

1972 was the last year the Philippine men's basketball team, which then paraded William 'Bogs' Adornado, Danny Florencio and Yoyong Martirez among others in its line up, has qualified for the Olympics.

The Philippines holds the record for winning the most medals without a gold haul with seven bronze and two silvers for a total of nine.

The largest delegation the Philippines has ever sent to the Games was 53 in the 1972 Munich Olympics.

The Philippines participated in the Winter Olympics three times, in 1972 (Juan Cipriano and Ben Nanasca, alpine skiing), in 1988 (Raymund Ocampo, luge) and in 1992 (Michael Teruel, alpine skiing).

Harry Tañamor, the only Filipino predicted to win by the Sports Illustrated in its Olympic Preview edition, bows out in the first match up in the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

Manny “Pacman” Pacquiao, though not competing, carries the Philippine flag at the opening of the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

Arianne Cerdena won a gold in bowling at the 1988 Seoul Olympics, but Cerdena's gold was not included in the medal tally since bowling was considered only as a demonstration sport.

The Philippines has only won medals in three events since joining the Olympics in 1924.

The Philippines is the first nation in the tropics to ever participate in the Winter Olympic Games.

Mary Antoinette Rivero's tie for fifth place in Taekwondo is the closest any Filipino athlete came to a medal in the 2004 Athens Olympics.

The Philippines last reached the final round swimming 80 years ago when Jikirum Adjaluddin and Teofilo Yldefonso ended up in the final six in the 1932 Los Angeles Games.

The Philippines has not won a medal since Mansueto "Onyok" Velasco settled for silver in boxing via a controversial decision during the 1996 Atlanta Olympics.

The Philippines is the first country to compete and win an Olympic medal among Southeast Asian countries.

With only eight athletes in six sporting events for the London Games, this will be PH's smallest delegation since 1996.

Men's boxing has for medals in the Olympics with Anthony Villanueva, silver in the Featherweight Division of the 1964 Games in Tokyo; Leopoldo Serantes, third in 1988 Seoul; Roel Velasco, third in Barcelona; and his brother Mansueto "Onyok" Velasco, second in the 1996 Atlanta Games.

The Philippine basketball team wound up fifth place—best finish for an Asian country in the Olympics to date—in the 1936 Berlin Olympics, the first time basketball was played as an Olympic sport.

John Baylon, a nine-time Southeast Asian Games gold medalist, and Jerry Diño were the last Filipino Olympic qualifiers in the discipline Judo, having vied in the 1992 Barcelona Games.

The Philippines will shoot for its first gold medal in six of the following events in the 2012 London Olympics: Athletics, BMX, Boxing, Cycling, Shooting and Swimming.

The men's Philippine Basketball team is the first country to ever score 100 or more points in the 1948 Olympics after clobbering Iraq,102-30.

Teofilo Yldefonso is the first Filipino to win a medal and the only one to take home multiple medals. He finished third both in the Men's 200 meter breastroke during the 1928 and 1932 Olympics.

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