Personal DataSurname: ThorpeFirstname: IanCountry: AustraliaDate of birth: 1982-10-13Birthplace : SydneyHeight: 195 cmWeight: 96.0 kg
Career DataDisciplines: 100m, 200m, 400m freestyle, freestyle relaysWorld records: 23 (18 in long-course: 200, 400, 800m freestyle, 4x100 and 4x200m freestyle relays, 5 in short-course: 200, 400m freestyle, 4x200m freestyle)Olympic Games (9 medals - 5 gold, 3 silver, 1 bronze)World Championships (13 medals - 11 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze)World Short Course Championships (3 medals - 2 gold, 1 silver)Commonwealth Games (9 medals - 8 gold, 1 silver)Pan Pacific Championships (11 medals - 9 gold, 2 silver)
BiographyThorpe calls time on spectacular careerFailed comeback bid
Ian Thorpe, the remarkable Australian icon, has done it all: world records (23), world championship titles, Olympic gold medals (5) and multiple world championship victories.
His exceptional strength, technique and ability made him one of the highest paid and immediately recognisable names in world sport.
"In fifty years from now Australians will still marvel at the feats of Ian Thorpe," was one of many compliments paid by Australian Olympic Committee president John Coates when he announced his initial retirement in 2006.
At the world championships in Fukuoka in Japan in 2001 the Australian became the first person in history to take six world titles at a single meeting.
He had a phenomenal time in Manchester, England in 2002, winning six gold medals at the Commonwealth Games after collecting five at the Pan Pacific championships in Japan, where he is known as the Tiger Woods of swimming.
The emergence of America's Michael Phelps and the resurgence of Alexander Popov also had their effect in motivating Thorpe to greater heights.
Thorpe became a household name after his outstanding performances at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, when he won three gold medals and a silver even though he had to share the limelight with Dutch ace Pieter van den Hoogenband.
He briefly became something of a social butterfly, a "must" at all the glamour events, rubbing shoulders with an A-list of fashion designers, models and movie stars.
He is reputedly a multi-millionaire, he has sponsor and media commitments and at the 2001 world championships decided he needed bodyguards.
He began to make waves in 1996, winning everything from the 400m individual medley to the 50m freestyle in the National and State Age championships. Although originally a backstroker, Thorpe soon began competing in the 100m, 200m and 400m freestyle events.
Impressive performances in the 1998/99 FINA World Cup, the world short-course championships in Hong Kong and his four gold medals from the Pan Pacific swimming championships made him a star in Australia.
There was drama at the Australian Olympic trials in 2004 when he was initially disqualified in his favoured 400m freestyle event for a false start.
However, after much debate and controversy, the original winner Craig Stevens relinquished his place to allow Thorpe to defend his 400m crown.
He then added to his legend by winning arguably the best race of the Games, the 200m freestyle when he held off his great rival Pieter van den Hoogenband and the teenage sensation Michael Phelps.
In his favoured 400m race, he added a second gold breaking into tears at his achievement when he touched home just ahead of teammate Grant Hackett.
He was 21 years old when the Games finished, but it was to be his last appearance at a major competition before he announced his retirement in November 2006.
However five years later, he attempted a comeback in order to qualify for the 2012 London Games but his form had declined and the bid ended in vain.