Quantcast

Anonymous no more: Woman hero of revolution vs US

The monument built for Nicolasa Dayrit in the City of San Fernando in Pampanga province. —TONETTE T. OREJAS

CITY OF SAN FERNANDO — In the 2015 biopic “Heneral Luna,” no scenes refer to the Kapampangan women who gathered at the Bacolor convent on April 24, 1899 to convince General Antonio Luna not to violently confront General Tomas Mascardo who partied in nearby Guagua town.

The tension arose when Mascardo defied Luna’s instruction to send troops to defend the Bagbag line in Bulacan in order to protect Pampanga, Nueva Ecija and the rest of central and northern Luzon from American invasion. Luna led the Philippine Revolutionary Army.

Tiburcio Hilario, then military governor of Pampanga, needed to end the discord so he sent “a bevy of Pampanga beauties” led by Praxedes Fajardo and Nicolasa Dayrit, both leaders of the local Red Cross, to pacify the two generals.

Luna kept his cool but the Bagbag line fell to the enemy nonetheless.

Book in Kapampangan

On Sept. 10 during Dayrit’s 143rd birth anniversary, she was reintroduced to a younger city audience with the launching of “Nicolasa Dayrit-Panlilio: Ing Bayaning Fernandino,” a children’s book published by the city government and integrated in the basic education curriculum.

Teacher Nancy Tolentino wrote the story in Kapampangan. She also illustrated the book. Fernandina Otchengco, chief of the Department of Education’s school governance and operations division, penned its English translation.

The book, according to Mayor Edwin Santiago, “tells in detail the life of a great woman, her untold stories, her sacrifices and contributions to free our country.”

Hilario’s granddaughter, the late diplomat Rafaelita Hilario-Soriano, first shed light on these incredible women, in her 1991 book, “A Shaft of Light,” and her 1995 book, “Women of the Philippine Revolution.”

Ending anonymity

The San Fernando government went a step further in 2004 to end the anonymity of Dayrit, a San Fernando lass who nursed wounded and sick soldiers and who helped the revolution as a member of the La Junta Patriotica de San Fernando.

Dayrit’s remains were transferred with full honors from the Loyola Memorial Park in Parañaque City to a monument standing on San Fernando land owned by her son, the late architect Pablo Panlilio.

On her 132nd birth anniversary in 2006, the National Historical Institute unveiled a marker near the monument honoring her contributions to the fight for Philippine Independence. —Tonette Orejas

Recent Stories:

Complete stories on our Digital Edition newsstand for tablets, netbooks and mobile phones; 14-issue free trial. About to step out? Get breaking alerts on your mobile.phone. Text ON INQ BREAKING to 4467, for Globe, Smart and Sun subscribers in the Philippines.

Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of INQUIRER.net. We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards.

Copyright © 2018,

To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.

Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate: c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94



News

  • Hawaii volcano boat tours continue after lava injuries
  • India’s top court calls for new law to curb mob violence
  • Prince Harry, Meghan visit Nelson Mandela exhibition
  • Davide questions non-mention of West Philippine Sea in draft Charter
  • Indonesia police shoot dead 11 petty criminals in Asian Games crackdown
  • Sports

  • PSL: UP, Foton meet for 7th place
  • Jones Cup: Ateneo comeback falls short vs Canada
  • ‘Orange troops’ to keep Jakarta clean during Asian Games
  • MPBL Tuesday games also cancelled
  • Player of the Week: Fajardo closes in on another finals stint
  • Lifestyle

  • Legroom is shrinking but so are security wait times, says report
  • Britney Spears has a new fragrance in the works
  • Meghan Markle’s dad wants to reconnect with daughter, blasts her new royal life
  • Building solidarity with some of the most vulnerable people of our time
  • Viu launches a talent search for Filipino K-Pop idol
  • Entertainment

  • Kate Upton expecting first child with Justin Verlander
  • WATCH: ’Stranger Things’ season 3 teases with retro TV ad
  • ‘Grease’ at 40: Still the one that we want
  • Empoy wants to do dark ‘super villain’ role
  • Madonna back in Malawi; now considering soccer academy
  • Business

  • Goldman Sach’s Blankfein to retire as CEO; 2Q profit up 44%
  • Vietnam wins contract to export rice to South Korea
  • China complains to WTO over US tariffs
  • Vietnam is Southeast Asia’s new industrial powerhouse
  • Netflix drops dud on Wall St. as subscriber growth flops
  • Technology

  • WATCH: ‘Uncharted’ fan film starring Nathan Fillion leads treasure hunt to PH
  • Chinese gamers warming rapidly to e-sports
  • Chinese netizens love their social apps
  • Ancient bread discovered in Jordan suggests humans started baking first before farming
  • Galaxy S10 may have 3 different sizes to match upcoming iPhones
  • Opinion

  • Editorial cartoon, July 17, 2018
  • Do more to enforce ruling
  • Why federalism?
  • Blockchain and farmers
  • Politicians afraid of elections
  • Global Nation

  • Duterte: China never asked for anything in exchange for aid to PH
  • Palace: Only Sinophobes will find docking of China ship objectionable
  • Filipino nanny charged with molesting autistic child in Dubai
  • Chinese envoy assures PH: No China ‘debt trap’
  • Chinese research vessel docks in Davao
  • PHOTOS AND VIDEOS

    • Cops arrest 6 ‘Basag Kotse’ suspects

      Read More

    • Honest naia cabbie cited for exemplary deed

      Read More

    • Mom of 5-year-old girl with leukemia looking for more good samaritans

      Read More

    • Compensation commission releases P2.3-M to aid Marawi soldiers

      Read More

    • PNP can’t always fool public with ‘nanlaban’ claims – solons

      Read More

    • Poll: Most dislike NFL protests and Trump comments

      Read More

    • Former Mexico governor wanted in US arrested

      Read More

    • US: Nobel Peace choice doesn’t change US stance

      Read More

    • California becomes first ‘sanctuary state’ for undocumented migrants

      Read More

    • Mexican photojournalist found dead after kidnapping

      Read More

    • Moscow gets 130 fake bomb calls, evacuates 100,000 people

      Read More

    • Frustrated police appeal for public’s help in Vegas case

      Read More

    • US states declare emergency ahead of Tropical Storm Nate

      Read More

    • Trump’s one-two punch hits birth control, LGBT rights

      Read More

    • Maute terror base overrun; priest rescued

      Read More